HYBRID EVENT: You can participate in person at Orlando, Florida, USA or Virtually from your home or work.
WOC 2022

Jaedong Lee

Jaedong Lee, Speaker at Weight Management Congress
The Catholic University , Korea, Republic of
Title : Association between possible sarcopenia and depressive symptoms in Korean older adults : Result from Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey in 2018

Abstract:

Clinical and research interest in sarcopenia has burgeoned internationally, Asia included. But, Little is known about whether sarcopenia predicts incident depressive symptoms in older adults. Screening for sarcopenia and depressive symptoms in the primary health care helps to improve the quality of life in the elderly.

Using the nationally representative data from the 2018 Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination survey(The 2018 KNHANES), we investigated the association between sarcopenia and depressive symptoms among Korean older adults.

The sample comprised 1,929 participants aged at least 60 years (55.4% women; mean age 69.7) from the 2018 KNHANES. Based on the Asian Working Group for Sarcopenia 2019 (AWGS 2019) criteria, sarcopenia status was classified into three types: no-sarcopenia, possible sarcopenia, and sarcopenia. However, we only focused on possible sarcopenia in this study. Patient Health Questionnaire-9(PHQ-9) was used for screening of depressive symptoms. A cross-sectional analysis was used to examine the relationship between possible sarcopenia and depressive symptoms.

538 (27.9%) participants and 97(5.0%) participants were identified as having possible sarcopenia and depressive symptoms, respectively. After adjusting for age, sex, and other potential confounders, possible sarcopenia was positively associated with higher odds of depressive symptoms (OR : 2.06, 95% CI : 1.36-3.11, p < 0.001). 

Possible sarcopenia, assessed using the AWGS 2019 criteria, was independent predictor for the occurrence of depressive symptoms among Korean older adults. Our findings highlight that older people with possible sarcopenia should be screened for depressive symptoms and provide further justification for timely identification and management of possible sarcopenia as part of comprehensive strategies to fight against depressive symptoms.

What will audience learn from your presentation?

Sarcopenia is closely related to obesity. In fact, Studied on Sarcopenic obesity are being actively conducted. Our findings highlight that older people with possible sarcopenia should be screened for depressive symptoms and provide further justification for timely identification and management of possible sarcopenia as part of comprehensive strategies to fight against depressive symptoms. Our study will be helpful in studying the complications of sarcopenic obesity.

Biography:

Dr. Lee entered Busan National university in 2012, School of Medicine, South Korea. Then graduated and received His doctor licence in 2016. He is currently training as resident in the department of Family medicine at the Catholic Univ. of Korea Seoul St. Mary’s Hospital

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