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Jeane Silva, Speaker at Obesity Conferences
Augusta University, United States


Obesity is a medical condition assessed by increased Body Mass Index (BMI) and adipose tissue resulting from a complex interaction between genetic and environmental factors. The genes responsible for obesity are related to the leptin axis and the melanocortin pathway, specifically the melanocortin-4 receptor (MC4R) gene. MC4R gene mutations represent the most common monogenic cause of obesity. Our study aimed to investigate whether mutations in the MC4R gene increase calorie intake, possibly leading to obesity. We genotyped fifty subjects for common MC4R polymorphisms and subsequently evaluated their anthropometric measurements, daily macronutrient intake, and other pertinent factors. According to our findings, the percentage of genotype carriers (rs34114122, rs61741819, and rs6567166) was higher in the African-American population. In comparison to their Caucasian counterparts, this particular demographic exhibited elevated body fat percentage, body volume, and body density. Conversely, their fat-free mass was observed to be comparatively lower. Furthermore, the African-American population presented with lower thoracic gas. We observed that individuals carrying the genotypes rs34114122, rs61741819, and rs6567166 tended to have higher body fat percentages associated with increased calorie intake. According to our research, the influence of common MC4R variants on obesity and its metabolic disorders might be contingent upon daily dietary intake. Consequently, this could pave the way for individualized dietary regimes to prevent and address obesity and its related comorbidities.


Dr. Silva obtained her Ph.D. in Pharmacology from Augusta University in 1997. She has earned certification in Molecular Technology from the American Society for Clinical Pathology and is a board-certified professional in molecular diagnostics. Dr. Silva currently serves as an Associate Professor in the Ph.D. program in Applied Health Sciences at Augusta University. Her research focuses on obesity biomarkers, particularly monogenetic variants of severe obesity impacting food intake. Dr. Silva has published over 30 research articles in peer-reviewed journals.